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India

        

MoU between Atal Innovation Mission & SIRIUS for promotion of innovative cooperation between students of India and Russia

The Union Cabinet appraised the Memorandum of Understanding signed between India and Russia during Russian President Vladimir’s visit to India in October. The MoU aims at promoting new scientific knowledge, generation of intellectual property, innovations and product development in both countries.

Panjab University researchers propose a novel strategy to treat diabetic wound infection

Researchers from the Department of Microbiology have successfully treated multi-drug resistant bacterial infection in diabetic mouse model. Phage therapy, as it is called, uses a special virus to target particular bacteria. It was much prevalent before the popularisation of antibiotics.

           CSIR- National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow develops transgenic rice with reduced arsenic accumulation

Researchers from CSIR, Lucknow have developed transgenic rice by inserting a novel fungal gene, which results in reduced arsenic accumulation in the rice grain.

           EURAXESS Science Slam India Award for Bengaluru-based researcher

Prabahan Chakrabarty, a graduate student from National Centre for Biological Sciences has won the EURAXESS Science Slam India Competition 2018. The contest is held in collaboration with the Embassy of France, Alliance Francaise, India Bioscience, Global Innovation & Technology Alliance and Indo-German Science & Technology Centre which offers a platform for young researchers to showcase their work outside their labs.

            Boron-rich nanosheets developed by researchers from IIT-Gandhinagar can also act as chemical reagents

The discovery can have potential applications in energy storage devices and next-generation sensors.

            India seeks collaborators for a mission to Venus in 2023

ISRO has announced an orbiter mission to Venus in 2023 and has invited proposals from scientists around the world for instruments to be carried as payload to study the planet’s atmosphere.

India’s AstroSat and NASA’s Chandra X-ray observatory finds a black hole that spins near maximum possible rates
A study led by the astronomers from the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) have found a black hole in 4U 1630-47 that spins very rapidly. The study is a first joint AstroSat- Chandra collaboration between India and the US.

Researchers from IIT Roorkee find a new solution in tamarind seeds to treat Chikungunya
A research team led by Shailly Tomar from the Department of Biotechnology at IIT Roorkee have discovered that a protein found in tamarind seeds reduces the infectivity of chikungunya virus by 64%. The research team is now planning to test this TCLL protein on animals and have also filed for a patent.

Vice President’s visit boosts technology cooperation with Zimbabwe
Vice President Venkaiah Naidu visited Zimbabwe on 2-4 November, marking the first high-level visit from India in 22 years. The visit witnessed signing of MoUs in the fields of Geology, mining and mineral resources, action plan on information and communication technology and cooperation in the field of traditional medicine and homeopathy.
Breakthrough in filter technology for artificial kidneys
Researchers from Drexel, the University of California Los Angeles, Brighton University in England, Guangxi Medical University and Huazhong University of Science and Technology in China, and Symbiosis International University in India, have reported that MXene materials could be a candidate for removing urea from blood in wearable artificial kidney applications. MXene materials are composed of nanometre-thin layers whose chemical composition and spacing can be tailored to make them very selective filters
Space Technology Park to be set up in Kerala by June 2019
The State Government of Kerala is set to build a park with technical assistance from the Indian Space Research Organisation which would be functional by June 2019. The space tech park will function as a manufacturing hub for small satellites and rocket launch equipment.

Indian American Physics Professor to be honoured for the prestigious Einstein Prize

 Abhay Ashtekar, the Indian American Professor of Physics will be awarded with the Einstein Prize for 2018 for his work contributions in the field of Gravitational Physics. He hails from Kolhapur district      Maharashtra and is presently holder, Eberly Chair and Director, Institute for Gravitational Physics and Geometry at the Pennsylvania State University in the USA.

Chemical protection gel for farmers developed by the Institute for Stem Cell Science and Regenerative Medicine (InStem), Bangalore, India.

Researchers at the Institute for Stem Cell Science and Regenerative Medicine (InStem), Bangalore, India have developed a gel, named poly-Oxime which can be applied on skin and can break down toxic chemicals in pesticides, insecticides and fungicides including the most hazardous and widely used organophosphorus compounds. Indian farmers usually do not wear any protective gear while spraying chemicals in fields and are subject to severe health impacts and even death in extreme cases. The gel deactivates these chemicals and has been found to be effective in tests done in rats and researchers hope to soon test it in humans. It could also be useful to protect against chemical weapons or in chemical accidents.

India and Russia acknowledge greater need for major collaborations in areas of Science Technology and Energy on the side-lines of the Russian President’s visit to India.

A joint statement was issued by India and Russia during the visit of Russian President, Vladimir Putin to India, earlier in October 2018. Both the countries acknowledged the necessity to intensify cooperation in Science & Technology and Energy sectors and prospective joint projects between the two countries.

India and Uzbekistan step up cooperation in science, technology and other fields

During Uzbekistan’s President Shavkat Mirziyoyev first visit to India several agreements were signed for cooperation in agriculture and allied sectors; for cooperation on science, technology and innovation; and in the field of health and medical sciences. An MoU was also signed on cooperation in the pharma sector for the establishment of an Uzbek-Indian Free Pharmaceutical Zone in the Andijan Region of Uzbekistan. This will facilitate Indian pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical companies to invest and establish production facilities in the Uzbek-Indian Free Pharma Zone of Andijan for manufacture of pharmaceutical products.

India- FAO launch Green Agriculture project in 5 states with grant from GEF
A joint agriculture project is launched by Government of India and Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) with grant from Global Environment Facility (GEF) worth USD 33.5 million. The objective is to promote conservation of biodiversity and forest landscapes in the farm sector.

Gaganyaan project: France to help ISRO in the human space programme
The Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES), a government research agency responsible in France’s space policy in Europe, will share its experience with ISRO in space crew transport, encompassing space medicine and crew life support.

India and Morocco agreed to enhance bilateral cooperation in the field of defence and security
India and Morocco signed two bilateral MoUs,  ‘Cooperation in Peaceful Uses of Outer Space’ between ISRO and the Moroccan Centre of Remote Sensing and ‘Cooperation in the area of Cyber Security’ between the Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT –IN), Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology and the Moroccan Computer Response Team (ma-CERT).

IIT Kharagpur signs MoUs with two US varsities for research collaborations
IIT Kharagpur has signed MoUs with the University of Houston and the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth for joint academic and research collaborations in niche aspects of S&T and exchange initiatives for faculty and students.